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        27 Jun 2016, 11:56 am

        Computer Fun Facts (Issue 63) by Tiamari

        I always tell my students that computers are, above all, FUN.

        So let’s look at some fun facts about computers. I found literally hundreds of interesting tidbits – here’s a list of some of my favourite ones:

        • In 1936, the Russians made a computer that ran on water.
        • The first general purpose electronic computer ENIAC (in 1946) weighed more than 27 tons and took up 1800 square feet. However, the first electro-mechanical computer was developed in 1939 already.
        • Amazon, originally a printed book seller company, now sells more e-books than printed books.
        • On one of the world's most popular shopping websites, eBay, there are transactions of approx. 0 per second.
        • HP, Microsoft and Apple have an interesting thing in common – they were all started in a garage. Hewlett Packard was also first started in a garage.
        • The first Apple computer which was built by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak, was made by using parts they got for free from their employers.
        • Doug Engelbart invented the first computer mouse in around 1964 which was made of wood.
        • Over 1 million domain names are registered every month. Up until the 14th of September, 1995, domain registration was free.
        • Of the 247 billion email messages sent every day, more than 80% are spam.
        • Over 6,000 new computer viruses are released every month. 20% of online viruses are released by organized crime units.
        • Only about 8 to 10% of the world’s currency is physical money, the rest only exists on computers.
        • Email was already around before the World Wide Web.
        • Computer programming is the fastest growing occupation.
        • If your work involves the extensive use of computers, then by the end of your average working day, your fingers would have traveled 12.6 miles.
        • 80% of all pictures on the internet are of naked women, and 5 out of every 6 internet pages are porn related.
        • One out of every 8 married couples in the USA (2011), met online.
        • The first actual computer “bug” was a dead moth which was stuck in a Harvard Mark II computer in 1947.
        • Modern smartphones has more processing power than the computers NASA used to land a man on the moon.
        • A 15 year old hacked NASA computers and caused a 21-day shutdown of their computers. He hacked the Pentagon weapons computer as well!
        • U.S. chose 00000000 as the password for its computer controls of nuclear tipped missiles for eight years.


        MY FAVOURITE FUN FACTS – COMPLETE LIST

        Due to space restrictions I only listed a few “fun facts” in the WUEC article. Here is my original list.

        SOME HISTORY

        • In 1936, the Russians made a computer that ran on water.
        • The first general purpose electronic computer ENIAC (in 1946) weighed more than 27 tons and took up 1800 square feet. However, the first electro-mechanical computer was developed in 1939 already.
        • In September 1956 IBM launched the 305 RAMAC, the first ‘SUPER’ computer with a hard disk drive (HDD). The HDD weighed over a ton and stored 5 MB of data.
        • The first 1GB hard disk, announced in 1980, weighed about 550 pounds, and was priced at ,000.
        • IBM 5120 from 1980 was the heaviest desktop computer ever made. It weighed about 105 pounds, not including the 130 pounds external floppy drive.


        THE BIG GUNS

        • Amazon, originally a printed book seller company, now sells more e-books than printed books.
        • On one of the world's most popular shopping websites, eBay, there are transactions of approx. 0 per second.
        • Google uses an estimated 15 billion kWh of electricity per year, more than most countries. However, google generates a lot of their own power with their solar panels.
        • HP, Microsoft and Apple have an interesting thing in common – they were all started in a garage. One of the world’s leading computer and computer peripheral manufacturer Hewlett Packard was also first started in a garage at Palo Alto in the year 1939.
        • The first Apple computer which was built by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak, was made by using parts they got for free from their employers.


        FAMOUS NAMES

        • Bill Gates, the founder of Microsoft was a college drop-out. It is also ironic that a Macintosh computer (his opposition) was used on the Bill Gates residential complex in Medina, Washington, though not extensively.
        • Doug Engelbart invented the first computer mouse in around 1964 which was made of wood.
        • Tim Berners-Lee coined the phrase “World Wide Web” in 1990.
        • CAPTCHA is an acronym for “Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart”. The Turing Test was developed by Alan Turing, the father of computer science, artificial intelligence and who helped break German WW2 cyphers. He committed suicide after being forced to undergo hormonal treatment for homosexuality and barred from continuing his cryptographic work.
        • Mary Kenneth Keller, the first woman to earn a Ph.D. in Computer Science in the United States also earned a Master’s degree in Mathematics and Physics. She helped develop computer programming languages and she was a Catholic nun.
        • In 1988, when the American Internet was paralyzed by a computer virus, quick thinker Pål Spiller saved the Norwegian Internet by literally pulling the plug.


        LET’S TALK NUMBERS

        • While it took the radio 38 years, and the television a short 13 years, it took the World Wide Web only 4 years to reach 50 million users.
        • Sweden has the highest percentage of internet users (75%).
        • In 2012, approximately 17 billion devices (which includes computers, tablets and mobile) connected to the Internet.
        • Of the approximately 1.8 billion people who connect to the Internet, only 450 million speak English.
        • Every minute, 10 hours of videos are uploaded on Youtube.
        • Over 1 million domain names are registered every month. Up until the 14th of September, 1995, domain registration was free.
        • Over 110 million users are registered on MySpace. If MySpace was a country, it would be tenth largest in the world, while Facebook would be third largest with over a billion users.
        • There are about 1 billion instant messenger accounts that are active around the world today.
        • Google estimates that the Internet today contains about 5 million terabytes of data (1TB = 1,000GB), and claims it has only indexed a paltry 0.04% of it all! You could fit the whole Internet on just 200 million Blu-Ray disks.
        • Of the 247 billion email messages sent every day, more than 80% are spam.
        • Since the time the game Tetris was created in the early eighties, it has sold more than 40 million copies worldwide, which made its creator richer by m.
        • 'ShenMue' is the most expensive game ever to be made. It was developed for Sega Dreamcast, and was priced at million.
        • A computer as powerful as the human brain would be able to perform about 38 thousand trillion operations per second and hold about 3,584 terabytes of memory.
        • Over 6,000 new computer viruses are released every month. 20% of online viruses are released by organized crime units.
        • Only about 8 to 10% of the world’s currency is physical money, the rest only exists on computers.


        SOME MORE

        • The first banner advertisement was used in 1994. Banner advertisements are the ads we see on the sides of the web pages.
        • One can type 20 times faster using a Dvorak keyboard as compared to using a Qwerty keyboard.
        • The longest word that can be typed using words in one row of keyboard is ‘typewriter’. 'Stewardesses' is the longest word which can be typed with only the left hand. Alaska is the only state in the world that can be typed with a straight row of keyboard letters.
        • Email was already around before the World Wide Web.
        • Computer programming is the fastest growing occupation.
        • Computer circuitry can be destroyed by static electricity. It is so mild for humans that we don't even feel it.
        • If your work involves the extensive use of computers, then by the end of your average working day, your fingers would have traveled 12.6 miles.
        • 80% of all pictures on the internet are of naked women, and 5 out of every 6 internet pages are porn related.
        • One out of every 8 married couples in the USA (2011), met online.
        • The first actual computer “bug” was a dead moth which was stuck in a Harvard Mark II computer in 1947.
        • Modern smartphones has more processing power than the computers NASA used to land a man on the moon.


        OOPS!

        • The worst breach of U.S. military computers in history happened when someone picked up a memory stick (infected by a foreign intelligence agency) they found in a parking lot and plugged it into their computer, which was attached to United States Central Command.
        • Investigators missed incriminating Google searches done on Casey Anthony’s computer – including “fool-proof suffication [sic]” – because they checked her Internet Explorer history, but ignored Firefox.
        • In July, after receiving a warning from the FBI on his PC, Washington resident Jay Matthew Riley turned himself into police for possessing child pornography. The warning was fake and generated by a worm that had infected his computer.
        • A 15 year old hacked NASA computers and caused a 21-day shutdown of their computers. He hacked the Pentagon weapons computer as well!
        • Three students from a school in Nevada had installed keystroke loggers on their teachers’ computers to intercept the teachers’ usernames and passwords, and then charged other students up to 0 to hack in and increase their grades.
        • U.S. chose 00000000 as the password for its computer controls of nuclear tipped missiles for eight years.
        • The Motion Picture Academy refused to nominate Tron (1982) for a special-effects award because, according to director Steven Lisberger, “The Academy thought we cheated by using computers”.
        • John Lasseter (CEO of Pixar) was fired from Disney for promoting computer animation.


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